Allergy is a disorder of the immune system often also referred to as atopy.
An antidepressant is a psychiatric medication used to alleviate mood disorders, such as major depression and dysthymia.
Arthritis is a group of conditions involving damage to the joints of the body.
Cancer is a class of diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled growth
Cardio & Blood 
Risk factors for heart disease: infections
A fat-like substance called a lipid. It is used to build cell membranes, hormones and bile acids
The inability of the body to produce, or the inability to metabolize, the human hormone insulin; Diabetes insipidus, usually a disorder of the ...
Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures
The digestive tract is the system of organs within multicellular animals that takes in food...
General Health 
The infant, child or young person?s current health condition
Herbal tea, herbal medicine
Hormones - Proteins produced by organs of the body that trigger activity in other locations.
Men's Health 
For men on fitness, health, sex, caree
Pain relief 
Pain management is the medical discipline concerned with the relief of pain.
Skin care 
The skin is the outer covering of the body
Weight Loss 
Loss of body weight by dieting or due to various easting disorders or medical conditions.
Women's Health 
Find information on women's health issues, and lifestyle at the Women's Health
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Sources of minerals and trace elements and their uses
function in body: Growth and maintenance of healthy teeth and bones; nerve function; blood clotting; muscle contraction; metabolises iron.
sources: Fish (especially those eaten with bones); soybeans; dairy products; almonds; sesame seeds; sunflower seeds; watercress; fortified cereals. Vitamin D facilitates uptake. effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency can cause rickets, osteomalacia, osteoporosis.
Chromium (trace element)
function in body: Functioning of skeletal muscles; storing and metabolising sugars and fats.
sources: Unrefined wholegrain and cereal products; fish and shellfish; brewers yeast; beef.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency can cause depression, confusion, irritability. Excess can be toxic.
Cobalt (trace element)
function in body: Component of Vitamin B12 which prevents anaemia.
sources: Meat; liver; kidney; shellfish; green leafy vegetables. effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency causes lack of Vitamin B12, leading to pernicious anaemia; bowel disorders; weak muscles.
Copper (trace element)
function in body: Formation of red blood cells; growth of bones; absorption of iron; pigmentation of hair and skin. sources: Shellfish; nuts; liver; kidney; pulses; brewers yeast; tap water from copper pipes.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency can cause anaemia, low white blood cell count. Excess can be toxic.
Fluorine (trace element)
function in body: Strengthens teeth and bones.
sources: Fluoridated tap water and toothpastes; fish (especially
those eaten with bones); meat; tea; cereals.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency causes tooth decay,
osteoporosis. Excess causes mottled and discoloured teeth,
increased density of bones in the spine, pelvis and limbs and
Iodine (trace element)
function in body: Production of hormones in the thyroid gland which control metabolism; promotes growth; promotes energy; mental alertness
sources: Iodised salt; Irish moss; kelp; seafood; fruit and vegetables grown in soils containing iodine.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency causes goitre, weight gain, lack of energy. Excess can cause thyroid diseases.
function in body: Production of haemoglobin; distribution of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide in body tissues; production of myoglobin (red pigment in muscles). sources: Red meat; liver; kidney; oysters; kelp; pulses; dried fruits; nuts; oats.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency causes anaemia. Magnesium
function in body: Healthy teeth and bones; functioning of the nerves, muscles and metabolic enzymes. sources: Wholewheat cereals and products; eggs; meat; nuts; pulses; seeds.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency causes muscle cramps, tremors, tics, loss of appetite, nausea, insomnia, irregular heart beat.
Manganese (trace element)
function in body: Functioning of the nerves, muscles and many enzymes; bone strength.
sources: Whole grains; nuts; pulses; avocado; egg yolk; green leafy vegetables.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency can cause bone deformities and impede growth rate.
Molybdenum (trace element)
function in body: Metabolism of iron; male sexual function; prevention of dental caries
sources: Oats; barley; pulses; root vegetables; liver.
effects of deficiency or excess: Excess can prevent body from
function in body: Conversion and storage of energy; healthy bones; function of muscles, nerves and some enzymes; intestinal absorption of certain foods.
sources: Meat; poultry; fish and shellfish; nuts; seeds; pulses; dairy products; eggs.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency causes bone pain; stiff joints; disorders of the central nervous system; weakness. Excess can interfere with intestinal absorption of calcium, iron, magnesium and zinc.
function in body: Maintains balance of fluids and pH in the body; disposal of body wastes; aids in sending oxygen to the brain; function of nerves and muscles.
sources: Fresh fruits and vegetables; whole grains and products; prunes; milk.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency can case muscular weakness and paralysis, low blood pressure; thirst; loss of appetite; sensitivity to noise. Excess can aggravate some heart conditions.
Selenium (trace element)
function in body: Functioning of the red and white blood cells; along with Vitamin E works as an anti-oxidant; detoxifies metals including cadmium, mercury and lead; may protect against some cancers; prevents dandruff and some skin disorders; healthy liver function.
sources: Garlic; onions; whole wheat and products; fish and shellfish; red meat; chicken; broccoli; brewer's yeast; Brazil nuts.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency causes premature aging, cardiovascular disease and asthma and may be a factor in cancer. Excess can cause neurological disorders.
function in body: Along with potassium maintains balance of fluids, especially water, and pH in the body; function of nerves and muscles.
sources: Common salt, baking powder; cured and smoked fish and meats; kelp; beets; artichokes; coconut; figs. effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency can cause heat prostration, dehydration, low blood pressure and indigestion. Excess causes high blood pressure, heart disorders and oedema (fluid retention).
Sulphur (trace element)
function in body: Synthesis of protein; promotes healthy skin, hair and nails; combats bacterial infection. sources: Meat; fish; dairy poducts; eggs; pulses; cabbage. effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency can cause skin diseases.
Zinc (trace element)
function in body: Formation of insulin in body; release of Vitamin A; healing; healthy reproductive organs; functioning of growth and development enzymes.
sources: Red meat, liver; egg yolks; dairy products; whole wheat and products; oysters; brewers yeast.
effects of deficiency or excess: Deficiency can cause infertility, enlarged prostate gland, acne and skin disorders, slow healing of wounds, slow physical, mental and sexual development. Excess can cause nausea, diarrhoea, dizziness and dehydration.
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|Keywords for this page: Minerals|